Spasticity and Dystonia

Spasticity is the result of muscle dysfunction resulting in tightness, increased tone, and resistance to stretch. It most commonly occurs from disruption of communication between the brain and spinal cord. Impairment to daily activities such as walking, running, sitting, and sleeping may occur. In severe cases, exaggerated deep-tendon reflexes (such as in the knee jerk test) may occur.

Conservative treatments include:

  • Medications
  • Botulinum toxin injections

Dystonia is the result of involuntary muscle contractions usually affecting one part of the body – most commonly the neck, face, or an extremity. Symptoms can be severe and interfere with quality of life.

Conservative treatments include:

  • Medications
  • Botulinum toxin injections