Diabetes is a group of related disorders that result in elevated levels of sugar in the bloodstream. Lack of circulation and excess sugar in the blood can cause nerve damage called neuropathy. Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy include tingling or pain and eventually numbness in the hands or feet. This is called diabetic peripheral neuropathy. It often affects the spinal nerves, but can damage autonomic and cranial nerves as well.
Diabetic pain from diabetic peripheral neuropathy generally appears about 10 to 20 years after diabetes is diagnosed. It is estimated that up to 25% of all diabetes patients will experience some degree of diabetic peripheral neuropathy.
The treatment of neuropathic diabetic pain may include:
- Controlling blood sugar levels
- Medications to control diabetic pain
- Topical medications applied to the site of diabetic pain